Zheng Yongnian: Why do you say that China has provided the world with "another institutional choice"?

2024-02-21 22:31:25 high speed information

China News Agency,热议资讯 Beijing, January 2: Why does China provide the world with "another system selection"?

——The Dean of the Chinese University of Hong Kong (Shenzhen) Qianhai International Affairs and chairman of the Academic Committee of the Academy of Public Policy Research, South China University of Technology

Author Liu Wenwen Yin Qianyun Wang Mengyao

Since the reform and opening up, China has grown from a poor country to the world's second largest economy and the largest trading country. The per capita GDP has also increased from less than 300 US dollars to more than 12,000 US dollars. So far, the middle -income group has exceeded 400 million.Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, nearly 100 million rural poor people have been poverty alleviation, creating many miracles in the history of world economy.

In sharp comparison with China, some countries today are deeply trapped in the crisis of governance, social contradictions have continued to intensify, and political economy is facing great uncertainty.Why does this contrast occur?Why does China provide the world with "another system choice"?Recently, the China News Agency's "East and West Questions" interviewed Zheng Yongnian, President of the Chinese University of Hong Kong (Shenzhen) Qianhai International Affairs and chairman of the Academic Committee of the Public Policy Research Institute of South China University of Technology.

The interview is currently recorded as follows:

Reporter of China News Agency: You mentioned in the latest book "Chinese narrative: How to tell the Story of Chinese Stories" that the problems faced by the West and the contrast between China's sustainable rise have led to Western fear of the Chinese economic system.In the process of the same wave of globalization, why is this contrast?Is the Chinese system "fear"?

Zheng Yongnian: This is mainly due to the governance of the West itself, that is, its income gap expansion has led to a high degree of social differentiation.Globalization has led to the relatively free flow of capital, technology, and talents worldwide. Some Western countries, especially Britain and the United States, have gained huge wealth from them.However, a few citizens have harvested the vast majority of globalization, and a large number of middle class has not benefited from it.Therefore, since the 1980s, the middle class in the United States has shrunk, accounting for about 65%of the original to about 50%.

Traveling on the Fuxing Smart EMU on the Fuxia High -speed Rail Line.Photo by Zhang Bin

In fact, globalization also has the same impact on China, but our system has its own advantages.Since the reform and opening up, China has grown from a poor country to the world's second largest economy. China has used 40 years to promote more than 800 million people to get rid of poverty. So far, the middle -income group has exceeded 400 million people.Globalization has a certain impact on our income gap, but we have ensured basic social fairness through institutional advantages and precision poverty alleviation.

China is one of the few countries that have achieved three sustainable development after the 1980s: sustainable economic development, sustainable social stability, and sustainable political system support and leadership.China has also achieved these three progress and extended this to the international level, so a few Western countries have a "fear" of China.In other words, the Western economy and technology are still developing, but the problems caused by the assignment of social allocation have not been resolved to this day.

China News Agency reporter: In recent years, some Westerners have regarded China as "national capitalism."Why can't I stand on this view?

Zheng Yongnian: Since modern times, countries have more or less national capitalism. The government has undertaken a function of economic development, but the degree of intervention is different.In fact, the United States is also a form of national capitalism. For example, Kanesism in 1945-1970 advocated that the state intervene in the economy, and the current Biden government is also intervening in the economy.Compared with the United States, there is a tool for China to intervene in the economy -state -owned enterprises.Although there is no state -owned enterprise in the United States, it also implements its industrial policy through the military system.

Some people in the West simply regard China as "national capitalism", mainly because China's economic development has developed rapidly in recent years, so China is threatened, and there are ideological components here.In fact, the concept of national capitalism was first proposed by Lenin, mainly referring to the planned economy, and only state -owned capital.However, in addition to state -owned capital, China also contributed 56789 for the country (that is, more than 50%of taxes, more than 60%of the total domestic product, more than 70%of technological innovation results, more than 80%of urban labor employment, more than 90%or more or moreThe number of enterprises) of private enterprises.

In fact, China has been a mixed economy for thousands of years, and Chinese civilization has long combined private ownership with public ownership.For example, the ancient well field system, with nine hundred acres as a "well", divided it into nine pieces on average, each 100 acres, a public field in the middle, and the surrounding eight pieces are private fields, which is to mix private owners and public owners.

China News Agency reporter: You mentioned in the new book that unlike the Western political and economic separation, in China, the economy has always been an effective means of national governance.What kind of "another system choice" does China provide?

Zheng Yongnian: In the West, since modern times, with the rapid rise and development of capitalism, the economy has gradually become independent from the fields of society, isolate itself from society, and finally develops into today's new liberal economics form.Emphasize the autonomy of the economy and oppose government intervention.The separation of politics and economy is both the source of Western economic development and the root of social issues.

The cargo ship driving in the Huai'an section of the Jiangsu Grand Canal.Photo by Zhao Qirui

In East Asian civilization, regardless of China, South Korea, or Singapore, economic activities have always been defined as the inner part of government responsibility.From the perspective of Chinese history, the country has always shouldered the responsibility of managing the economy. The allusions of Dayu's water control, the Grand Canal flowing from ancient times to the present, and today's high -speed rail "business cards" all illustrate this.In recent years, China's rapid rise and large -scale infrastructure in China have also fully proved the effectiveness of the Chinese system.

Today Western capitalism is facing the problem of large capital, government and market imbalance. The core of solving this problem is to deal with the relationship between the government and the market.The West is also reflecting on its own system. Although the core of "Biden Economics" is still in the category of capitalism, it emphasizes how to play the role of the government and protect the vulnerable groups in various ways and protect the middle class.The people in the US market are also calling on the government to play a role.

Nowadays, it describes China's economic system on how the Chinese government handles the relationship between the government and the market and clarifies the existence of "another system choice". It is not to replace the Western system, but to provide a reference system for the world.

China News Agency reporter: Since modern times, China has gradually interacted with the world economy and has gradually become part of the world economy.How to understand the two words of "China Problem World Plan" and "China Problem China Plan"?

Zheng Yongnian: This problem is eternal. Since the relationship between the world system dominated by the West in modern China, the "China Issue World Plan" and "World Issue China Plan" have existed.

After the demise of the Qing Dynasty, the advanced Chinese seemed to seek truth from the West, and tried Western -style multi -party systems, presidential systems, and parliamentary systems.The Russian Revolution in October sent Marxism -Leninism to China, and also contributed to the establishment of the Communist Party of China. Therefore, the establishment of the Communist Party itself is the world plan of China.For example, China joined the World Trade Organization (WTO) in 2001, and China is also looking for a plan from the world.

On November 12, 2001, China joined the WTO protocol book signing ceremony at the capital of Qatar's capital. At that time, Shi Guangsheng, then Minister of Foreign Economic and Trade, toast with representatives of various countries after signing.Qian Xingqiang Photo

In modern times, China has taken the way to the world plan of China. With the rapid rise of China in recent years, especially since the reform and opening up, China Plan has gradually become a new trend.For example, eliminating poverty is also a worldwide problem. China has proposed a "common prosperity" plan; in addition, there are "Belt and Road" and Chinese -style modernization of Chinese solutions.

It is worth noting that in the "World Plan of China", China does not copy the experience of copying other countries, but emphasizes the "Sinicization of the world method".Similarly, in the "World Project in the World", China does not impose its own plan, logic, and system to other countries, but to provide a choice.

This is related to the characteristics of Chinese civilization.Chinese civilization is a secular civilization that is tolerant of all.At the same time, Chinese civilization is also "consistent", which can absorb the strengths of digesting other civilizations, turning them into part of their own civilization, and endless.(over)

Introduction to the interviewee:

Zheng Yongnian.Interviewee confession

Zheng Yongnian, Dean of the Chinese University of Hong Kong (Shenzhen) Qianhai International Affairs Research Institute, chairman of the Guangzhou, Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area Research Institute, and Springer-Nature ARPE academic journal (The Asian Review ofPolical Economy editor -in -chief, editor -in -chief of the China Policy Series, and the editor -in -chief of the China Policy Series, and editor -in -chief of the World Scientific Bureau.

It is mainly engaged in international relations, foreign policies, Sino -US relations, internal transformation of China and its external relations.In recent years, there have been nearly a hundred works have been published and edited, of which more than 10 monographs in English are published.Ten academic papers are published in international academic journals.